The National Hurricane Center tracks and forecasts future movements of hurricanes. The Saffir-Simpson scale was developed to classify hurricanes and provide an estimate of potential damage that could be caused. This scale has a 1 to 5 rating based on the hurricane's intensity at a specific time. Depending on the classification, estimates of property damage and flooding can be given an area along the coast in a landfalling hurricane. Wind speed is the determining factor in the scale, but the storm surge can often be the most damaging and deadly. The storm surge is the rapid rise in water levels above current tides during landfall that result from the winds of a hurricane. Widespread flooding of coastal areas usually due to the storm surge.
Here is a look at the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale:
Category One Hurricane:
Winds are 74-95 miles per hour with a storm surge of 4-5 feet above normal tides. Damage is likely to occur to unanchored mobile homes, shrubbery, and trees. Minor damage can occur to poorly constructed signs. Coastal road flooding will occur.
Category Two Hurricane:
Winds are 96-110 miles per hour with a storm surge of 6-8 feet. Roofing material, door and window damage