OAKLAND COUNTY, MI (WTOL) - A second case of acute flaccid myelitis has been confirmed in Michigan.
The CDC notified the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services that the second case was confirmed in Oakland County and is a child.
The state’s first case was confirmed on Dec. 5 for a child in Wayne County.
Nine suspect cases of AFM in Michigan are under investigation.
AFM is a rare but serious condition affecting the nervous system and can cause the muscles and reflexes in the body to become weak.
Most patients report having a mild respiratory illness or fever consistent with a viral infection before developing AFM.
The cause or trigger for AFM is not known.
The CDC has confirmed 158 cases of AFM in 36 states, mostly in children. However, despite increases in cases across the country since 2014, the CDC estimates that less than one to two in a million children in the United States will get AFM annually.
To protect you and your children from AFM, the CDC encourages you to follow these tips:
- Getting vaccinated against poliovirus, which is one of the viruses known to cause AFM. However, this vaccine does not protect against other viruses that may cause AFM.
- Protecting yourself from bites from mosquitos, which can carry West Nile Virus, another cause of AFM, by using mosquito repellents, staying indoors at dawn and dusk and removing standing or stagnant water near your home.
- Washing your hands often with soap and water and avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
Healthcare providers are advised to notify their local health department if they believe their patients may have AFM.